AN ANALYSIS OF NIGERIA – UNITED STATES TRADE AND INVESTMENT RELATIONS, 2004 – 2012

ABSTRACT

Bilateral relations as a tool for economic cooperation and development have become an
important feature of the contemporary international system. Nigeria and the United States have
had a long history of bilateral relations, which has defined trade and investment relations. This
study therefore examines Nigeria-United States trade and investment relations between 2004 and
2012. The study adopted the qualitative method of research with complex interdependence
theory serving as the theoretical framework of analysis. The findings revealed that Nigeria’s
trade with the United States has been dominated by oil. It also shows that Nigeria’s bilateral
relations with the United States have not led to increase in United States investments in the nonoil sector of the Nigerian economy. It further demonstrated that Nigeria’s compliance with
AGOA eligibility clause has not increased the volume of Nigeria’s textile export to the United
States. It therefore concluded that the non-oil sector of the Nigerian economy has not benefited
from her trade and investment relations between 2004 and 2012 despite the avalanche of bilateral
and multilateral instruments to enhance economic cooperation and development. The study
therefore recommends good governance and visionary leadership as a panacea for overcoming
the challenges that have hindered Nigeria from maximizing benefits in her relations with the
United States.
CONTENTS
Title – – – – – – – – – – – i
Approval – – – – – – – – – – ii
Dedication – – – – – – – – – – iii
Acknowledgements – – – – – – – – – iv
Abstract – – – – – – – – – – v
Table of Contents – – – – – – – – – vi
List of Tables – – – – – – – – – – viii
List of Figures – – – – – – – – – – ix
List of Abbreviations – – – – – – – – – x
CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the problem– – – – – – – – 3
1.3 Objectives of the study- – – – – – – – – 5
1.4 Significance of the study- – – – – – – – – 6
1.5 Literature review- – – – – – – – – – 6
1.6 Theoretical framework- – – – – – – – – 20
1.7 Hypotheses- – – – – – – – – – 22
1.8 Methods of data collection- – – – – – – – 23
1.9 Methods of Data Analysis- – – – – – – – 23
CHAPTER TWO: Background to Nigeria- United States Trade and
Investment Relations
2.1 Historical development of Nigeria- United States relations- – – – 25
2.2 Dynamics/patterns of Nigeria -United States trade relations- – – – 40
2.3 Balance/ terms of trade between Nigeria and United States- – – – 45
2.4 Challenges of Nigeria- United States trade relations- – – – – 46
CHAPTER THREE: Nigeria- United States Bilateral Trade Relations and
Investment Portfolio
3.1 Nigeria- United States trade agreements- – – – – – – 49
.2 Nigeria- United States non-oil exports- – – – – – – 56
3.3 United States non-oil investments in Nigeria- – – – – – 60
CHAPTER FOUR: AGOA and the Nigeria’s Textile Exports
4.1 African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) – – – – – – 66
4.2 Performance of the Nigerian Textile Industry- – – – – – 81
4.3 Challenges of the Nigerian Textile Industry- – – – – – 86
4.4 Volume of Textile Exports to the United States- – – – – – 90
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1 Summary- – – – – – – – – – – 92
5.2 Conclusion- – – – – – – – – – 94
5.3 Recommendation s – – – – – – – – – 96
Bibliography- – – – – – – – – – – 97

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