Each pupil in the primary school in Uyo Local Government Area is dependent on either biological parents or external care-giver in terms of feeding, clothing, healthcare, educational care and moral training. Parental undertakings on children cannot be over-emphasized because it takes much time, energy and various resources to bring-up a child. Parental participation in the childs education refers to the parts played by parents to supporting a child’s education. In such ways, parents become partakers of the child’s educational upliftment. Participation involves sharing responsibilities by contributing meaningfully toward a particular venture or development (Bepo, 2004).
Concepts of Parental Involvement
Parental involvement in pupils educational progress could be referred to as the total undertaking by parents to support children’s education. Besides an award of scholarship to pupils, it is the sole responsibility of parents to sponsor their children’s education from childhood and beyond. Involvement entails many things such as provision of educational needs to their children in order to motivate them towards effective learning. Lambert (2002) asserted that children learn faster and seriously when motivated by their teachers or parents. When pupils perform highly in terms of academics, their parents are proud of them. Glover (2003) postulated that there is a great deal of competition in the present day education for children. Since primary school pupils are totally dependent on their parents, their ability to withstand academic challenges would depend on the extent of their parental support in all ramifications.
Parents Participation in Pupils Academic Achievement
Education planners and experts considered it very necessary to advocate, introduce and implement joint partnership of teachers and parent toward academic upliftment of children in public schools. According to Denga (2001), the school failed during the past three decades in understanding problems that faced little children in the school settings because parents did not participate in children education other than providing them with financial, material, moral and social needs. In another contribution, Agioba (2001) explained that the introduction of Parents-Teachers Association in the Public School settings was to give parents the liberty and opportunity to share in children’s educational development. Parents understand their children than the school teachers. Teachers do not comprehensively meet social and emotional need of the children in the classroom. Participation of the parents in the affairs of the school has, for some years now, yielded a high level of the desired solution.
Motivation of the pupils is an important stimulant that could engenda high academic performance. Parents are responsible for motivation of pupils. Effiom (2008) noted that many parents are aware of the importance of child motivation and its resultant effects on pupils academic achievement. Parents appreciate pupils who perform highly in examinations. But pupils who do not perform as expected by their parents usually feel unaccepted. Rejection by parents due to pupils examination failure could affect the affected pupils emotionally, physically, socially, and psychologically. Parental rejection may reduce the affected pupils academic efforts toward higher academic success.
Parents place their full trust in the school teachers and it is the reason why parents entrust their children under the care and guidance of the school. Children are precious treasure to parents, family and the society. Gage and Berliner (2001) submitted that parental efforts in ensuring that their children attend school daily is encouragement toward their children’s future life preparation. This indicates parents participation educationally. Keeler (2006) expressed that some parents are educated upto the level which they can read and write intensive supervision of pupils’ daily works in the school are checked and questioned where the pupils do not perform creditable. Many educated parents show serious concern in assessing their children’s work books daily. Brilliant pupils are appreciated while dull learners are blamed according to the level of academic deficiency. In this method, the parents personally play personal roles in ensuring that their children are adapted to classroom lessons accurately.
Parents are the first teachers that propel the child’s education during infanbood. According to Cummins (2002), parents play the roles of the child’s first teachers or educators at home. It is the place of the parents to ensure that their children are well taught or educated morally so that it could be easy for them (children) to withstand the taste and challenges of their future. As a way of the child’s early childhood socialization process, parents try to educate their children how to greet and thank elders in English language. Children whose parents had received Western education at least averagely could be taught to speak in English language, or even in pidgin language provided such language is different from that of their mother tongues.
Influence of Parents Education Level
Some educational psychologists such as Glover (2003) postulated that children’s academic and personality development are associated with their early childhood exposure, socialization process, parental participation, and daily experiences gained at home from parents, siblings, or care-givers. The kind of social and academic behaviour that a child exhibits depend on the nature of parenting environment during childhood. Children are very good in imitating significant persons within their immediate social environment. From the statements of Odebunmi (2008), parents are role models to their children. Educated parent exhibit some peculiar behaviours especially at home to portray their state of education received. It is usual that educated parents dominantly use English language as a means of communication at home. In such manner, children keenly imitate, satire and mimic as a method of learning from their parents.
Educated parents mostly enroll their children to primary schools which only English language is used as a language of expression. This is another way in which parents participation in children education through proper decision-making process (Isiugo-Abanibe, 2006). In families which the parents had little opportunity to receive Western type of education, the modern trends of events in Nigeria have challenged many of such parents to send their words to the schools which English language is used as a medium of instruction. This is a means of parents participation in children’s education through self determination and financial sacrifice.
Usually, the language which is dominantly used at home during a child’s early childhood stage can deeply foster great influence on the child’s academic achievement as well as speech mannerism. The effect is that such a child living away from their ethnic domain cannot speak their primary language (mother tongue) as the parents foster only English language at home believing that the more proficiency in two languages. Biological parents have innate potentials to contribute towards the child’s academic progress in terms of genetic factors. Obasi (2008) opined that a child’s intelligent quotient taps its foundation from their parents’ genetic potentials. Parents whose intelligent quotients are low, produce children with low intellectual capacity but, parents whose intelligent quotients are upright produce specially intelligent or brilliant children.
In the assertions of Berks (2000), it is only the educated parents who could understand the secrets in educational industry, and could understand the best ways, the best time, age, best facilities and the best materials that could stimulate children educational success. It implies that educated parents do not enroll their children in schools that have no or little academic advantages to their learners. Child education is a crucial project that requires proper planning, funding, evaluation and consistency. This is where parental participation is very necessary. Children are the future treasure to parents and their family setting. Their education needs consistent guidance, supervision, care and financial in-puts by parents if only their children are expected to excel in academic works.
Diagnosing the child’s Potentials
Parents are legitimate and primary counselors whose responsibilities include a critical observation of the child and a psychological interpretation of the innate qualities bestowed by nature into the child at birth. According to Finlayson (2001), it is not proper to nurture any living thing which natural, and environmental features are not well studied. Parents are expected to understand what are naturally endowed in each child such as talents or natural creativity. These potentials are the signals for the childs’ destiny. Parental participation in education does end up in sponsoring the fees but in understanding the appropriate area in which the child could be gainfully trained to attain firmness in future.
Finding of a study carried out by Okon (2000) on parental background and pupils’ learning effectiveness in Ikono locality revealed that parents are in the best position to understand their children’s physical, psychological and social qualities
HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK
PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).
HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount into our bank Account below, send the following information to
08140350866 or 08058580848
(1) Your project topics
(2) Email Address
(3) Payment Name
(4) Teller Number
We will send your material(s) immediately we receive bank alert
Account Name: AKINYEMI OLUWATOSIN
Account Number: 3022179389
Bank: FIRST BANK.
Account Name: AKINYEMI OLUWATOSIN
Account Number: 2060566256
Account Name: AKINYEMI OLUWATOSIN
Account Number: 0042695344
HOW TO IDENTIFY SCAM/FRAUD
As a result of fraud in Nigeria, people don’t believe there are good online businesses in Nigeria.
But on this site, we have provided “table of content and chapter one” of all our project topics and materials in order to convince you that we have the complete materials.
Secondly, we have provided our Bank Account on this site. Our Bank Account contains all information about the owner of this website. For your own security, all payment should be made in the bank.
No Fraudulent company uses Bank Account as a means of payment, because Bank Account contains the overall information of the owner
Please, DO NOT COPY any of our materials on this website WORD-TO-WORD. These materials are to assist, direct you during your project. Study the materials carefully and use the information in them to develop your own new copy. Copying these materials word-to-word is CHEATING/ ILLEGAL because it affects Educational standard, and we will not be held responsible for it. If you must copy word-to-word please do not order/buy.
That you ordered this material shows you have agreed not to copy word-to-word.
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:
YOU CAN ALSO VISIT: