THE EFFECT OF WAR FILMS ON CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOUR, A CASE STUDY OF PORTHARCOURT METROPOLIS.

THE EFFECT OF WAR FILMS ON CHILDREN’S BEHAVIOUR, A CASE STUDY OF PORTHARCOURT METROPOLIS. ABSTRACT This project aims at the effect of war films on Nigeria children, especially children in Portharcourt Metropolis. Chapter one is the introductory part of this project and it also dwell on the background of the study. Chapter two reviews the literatures of other writers and elaborates more on the in.
Chapter three dwells on the methodologies used in this research work.
Chapter four is based on the data analyses and the results of the data collection and also the discussion of the result gotten.
Chapter five is the summary of the entire work and also the findings and recommendations for further study is stated there.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of study
1.2 Statement of research problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Research question
1.6 Hypothesis formulation
1.7 Conception and operational definitions of terms
1.8 Assumption
1.9 Limitation

CHAPTER TWO – LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Review of literature
2.2 Summary of literature

CHAPTER THREE – RESEACH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research method
3.2 Research design
3.3 Research sample
3.4 Measuring instrument
3.5 Data collection
3.6 Data analyses
3.7 Expected result

CHAPTER FOUR –DATA ANALYSES & RESULT
4.1 Data analyses
4.2 Discussion of results
CHAPTER FIVE –SUMMARY & RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary
5.2 Recommendation

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Film is a series of moving picture recorded with sound that tells a story, shown on the television or at the Cinema. As part of Mass Communication, it involves the use of vision and sound (audio-visual) in transmitting and disseminating its messages.
The messages can be used in educating, informing, entertaining and socializing its target audience.
One of the most debated aspects of film is extent to which violence of the film influences social behavior. Also there has been scanty scientific evidences to prove causal relationships such as one between violence of film and increase in crime rate. However, from the earliest days of medium, adults have expressed concern about the influence of film on the children. Parent have shown anxiety about the influence of violence of war films on children, since at that age, a child’s social adjustment or mental health is affected.
A cursory look shows that so many war films are full of vices like shooting, killing and harassment. It was therefore, the aim of this study to show a nexus between the rising rate of crime amongst children and that of film violence viewer sly in Portharcourt metropolis.

1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM
The range of observation in this study has been systematized in such a way that every aspect of information and material concerning the effect of war films on Portharcourt Metropolis children is consulted.
However, one thing seems to be setting this work apart from others already down by researchers. The research data and materials for the work are very ultimate.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study is aimed at the following
The objective is to examine the content of film by picking a film like “Hard way, the only way”.
The study aimed at identifying the war film-types and content that have mega impact on the children.
To find out the rate of those children influence by violence of war films more especially when they get to their youthful period.
Another objective of this study is to know the efforts of the film censorship. Commission to find a lasting solution to the problem of war film on the children.

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is very important in mansy aspects because the future of Nigeria is in the hands of those children who are being destroyed by the violence they are exposed to on war films.
Also if these groups are protected by regulating what they view or produce, it focuses the mind of children towards things that will bring peace and progress to the nation.

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION
1. Are the children that watch war films on television affected by the message.
2. Is there any measure taken to avoid the effect of war films on our children.
3. Does parent play, any role to avoid the influence of war films on their children.

1.6 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
In this study, the following hypothesis were tested.
HI: Children who watch war films on television are affected by the messages.
HO: Children who watch war films on television are not affected by the message .
H2: The film censorship commission of Nigeria is taken some effective measure to reduce the effect of war films on the youth.
HO: the film censorship commission of Nigeria is not taken any effective measure to reduce the effect of war films on the youth.
H3: Research have found out that parent play a role to avoid the influence of war films on their children.
HO: Research have found out that parent do not play a role to avoid the influence of war films on their children.

1.7 CONCEPTIAL AND OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
The terms to be defined are violence, film, war effect and children.
Conceptual definition.

War: War is an organised and often prolonged conflict that is carried out by states and/or non-state actors. It is characterised by extreme violence, social disruption, and economic destruction. War should be understood as an actual, intentional and widespread armed conflict between political communities, and therefore is defined as a form of political violence or intervention.

Violence – The use of dangerous weapon to attack, hurt or kill somebody.
OPERATIONAL DEFINITION – The viewing of film that have elements of murder, shooting, assassinating, harassment and assault.

CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION
EFFECT:- Change in attitude and behavior in individual, as a result of expert to persuasive message carried by the mass media.

OPERATIONAL DEFINITION
EFFECT :- The total change of persons behaviour and attitude towards something.
CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION
FILM:- Moving picture of real event shown for example on television
OPERATIONAL DEFINITION
FILM :- The method of broadcasting still or moving picture by means of electrical waves moving through the air.
CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION
CHILDREN
CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION: -Children in thestudy would mean an idividual, what is between the age of 5 – 15.
OPERATIONAL DEFINTION
CHILDREN:- A young human being from the time of birth to the completion of body development.

1.8 ASSUMPTION
It is assumed that the film censorship of Nigeria is playing an effective role towards reducing the effect of war films on the youth.

It is also assumed that by the year 2008, the effect of war films or the rate will be minimized.

1.9 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

In writing this project, the researcher encountered some difficulties. One of which is time factor. The time was limited and choked with other things to be executed.

The problem of insufficient materials on this study and this could be attributed to lack of sufficient material. The financial aspect of this work is not left out and also being that things are hard in the country.

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